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A VP44 electronic rotary distribution pump that distributes and meters high pressure fuel required for injection. It is found on the 1998.5-2002 dodge Ram 2500 and 3500 light duty trucks. The VP44 pump can also be found on several mid-range and agricultural engines.
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The VP44 pumps will not be warrantied if a user taps or splices the pump wire and does not use a stealth cover. This is where having a BD Diesel stealth plate comes into play. The Stealth Cover for the 1998.5 to 2002 Dodge 24V fits onto the VP44 injection pump, providing secure, sealed connection instead of notching the pump wire for power mods. If the wires are cut in any way, the pump is no longer under warranty, and any repairs that need to be made to the injection pump will be the buyers responsibility.
There is a diaphragm inside the VP44 that is somewhat sensitive. This particular diaphragm works best under pressures between 10 and 15 PSI. Some pumps will be able to run higher than that but we don't recommend it. After changing your VP44, if you notice continued hard starting or feel as though the pump is getting bogged down, it is probably time to check the lift pump pressure. Our recommendation for optimum fuel pressure is 12 PSI of the VP44.
Before a VP44 is rebuilt the computer portion is removed and tested. If the computer does not meet every single one of the qualifications mandated by Bosch then the entire computer is replaced regardless of the failed qualification. If the computer meets all of the Bosch qualifications then it is reused.
The most common cause of VP44 failure is lack of fuel. Dodge trucks 98.5 and up are notorious for having weak lift pumps. Unlike most injection pumps, the VP44 is fuel cooled and lubricated. Therefore, if its fuel supply comes from a weak lift pump, it is very easy for the VP44 to overheat and cause damage to itself. This lack of fuel results in one of two types of failure within the VP44. One is that the diaphragm inside of the pump is damaged and does not allow the pump to build up the appropriate amount of pressure. The second is that the overheating causes the computer portion of the pump to also overheat and thus, creates a communication failure between the ECM and the Injection pump.
Sometimes. On replacement parts that our customers order frequently we have taken steps to prevent core charges up front. However, on some items we do still require an upfront core charge. Check out our core policy page.
Bosch is no longer casting housing's for the VP44 injection pump. Therefore, at this time ALL VP44 injection pumps require a used housing, also known as core, to be rebuilt. Due to the need of a core, there is no such thing as a completely new VP44, even though some are advertised as such.
Our injection pumps do not come with a removal tool. Thoroughbred recommends going to your local parts store and purchasing a steering wheel removal tool. The threaded holes on the gear are M8 x 1.25. You will also need a couple of bolts meeting those specification to attach the steering wheel puller.
We don't recommend it, however it is possible. Using a Hot Rod VP44 on a stock truck will cause the truck to have a very rough idle, due to the extra pressure the pump is producing. The extra pressure is can also cause issue on stock injectors, which is why Thoroughbred only recommends using a Hot Rod VP44 if you have upgraded injectors designed for a higher flow rate.
If you are planning to upgrade your injectors, then yes, you should upgrade to a Hot Rod VP44. However, for the majority of our customers, you should not upgrade. Yes, it is very tempting to upgrade your injection pump and get the extra HP, but there are more effective ways to gain extra horsepower on a stock truck. We would recommend going with a mild tuner such as the Edge EZ which will give you the extra horsepower and should help to increase fuel economy without any of the side effects associated with the Hot Rod VP44.
This method will vary depending on what year your truck is. If you have a 98.5-99 Cummins there will be a 1/8 by 27 NPT port on top of the fuel filter housing. For this year truck, this is the most accurate place to insert your fuel pressure sensor to read the pressure supplied by your lift pump. For trucks ranging in year 99.5-2002 fuel pressure should be checked at the Schrader valve located on the side of the VP44.
Every Bosch pump has a data tag on one side of the pump, drivers side when locate on the vehicle. On this tag there will be a 10 digit Bosch number that is stamped into the metal. The first 8 digits of this number should read 04705060. The last two digits of this number are the identifiers on the type of pump. If the pump is on a light duty Dodge Cummins pickup , and the last two digits are a multiple of 7 then the pump is a 17x. If the last two digits are not a multiple of 7 then it will be a 15x pump. The only exception to this will be if the engine is in an application other than a light duty Dodge Cummins pickup. In which case, the pump could be a 16x or agricultural model.
Thoroughbred Warranty on a VP44 is 1 year unlimited miles. The two most common things that will void your warranty are fuel contamination and inadequate fuel pressure. Both of these issues can be prevented by upgrading the lift pump system to either an AirDog of FASS fuel system.
Hard starts as they relate to VP44 injections pumps are caused by lack of fuel or over pressurization by the lift pump. If a lift pump is going bad and failing to supply the proper amount of fuel to the injection pump, then the truck will hard start due to lack of fuel. However, a newly installed lift pump that is pushing over 15 PSI to the VP44 can also cause hard starts. The VP44 is a very sensitive pump and needs approx. 12 PSI to run properly. Once you start getting about 15 PSI to the injection pump, you actually start to over pressurize the pump causing it to act as if you had a flooded engine.
There are two wires running from the back of the pump up to the computer portion on the top of the pump. This computer portion is known as the PSG. The wire that is closest to the engine and connects to the PSG is the wire that needs to be tapped for installation of some modules. Keep in mind that tapping this wire will void the warranty on your VP44. Thoroughbred Diesel recommends installing a BD stealth cover instead of notching the tap wire directly.